What is Climate Change
Title: What is Climate Change View Translations like
Uploaded Date and Time: Aug. 7, 2013, 4:32 p.m.
Creator: Radio Bundelkhand
Uploaded By: Radio bundelkhand
Description: Radio Bundelkhand - CDKN Shubh Kal Programme on 'How the community, scientific experts and local policy makers perceive climate change' – Final Radio Script Radio anchors in conversation (Male anchor - Rampal and Female anchor – Varsha) Varsha – Hello Rampal - To all the listeners of the Shubh Kal programme, a warm welcome from your friend Rampal. Varsha – And from your sister Varsha too. Varsha – Rampal why have you come wearing two sweaters? Rampal. - Well Varsha yesterday it was such a sunny day and today it’s very cold. Varsha – So, that is why you have worn 2 sweaters! Change in weather is one thing. But are you aware of what is climate change? Rampal – Look Varsha climate change is not a small term. It is a topic of heated debate and discussion all over the world. Varsha – Since climate change is such as important topic, we have decided to have a special programme for our listeners consisting of 12 episodes on different themes related to climate change and how it is affecting our farming community. Today is the first episode of this special Shubh Kal programme. Rampal - So Varsha let us hear what our listeners have to say regarding climatic change. Varsha – Let us first hear Babyraja from Chandrapur village. Music transition (1:19 – 1:22) Babyraja - Earlier there use to be plenty of rainfall and it use to rain according to the season. But now the rainfall pattern has become very erratic. Very often it rains when it is not expected which destroys the crops. Music transition (1:42 – 1:45) Varsha – So we just heard what Babyraja said. Now let’s hear from farmer Dhaniram what he has to say. Dhaniram - About 10 years back the rainfall use to be so good that the drains between our fields would remain completely full. And now our rivers and drains remain very dry as rainfall has reduced now in comparison to earlier times. All this is happening because of climatic change. Rampal - Now let us listen to Bhagwan Dangiji. Bhagwan Dangi ji – We ourselves are responsible for climate change as we have been cutting our forests down. Music transition 3 Rampal. – We have heard the perceptions of our community members regarding what they perceive climate change to be. Now let us hear what the scientific community has to say on this topic. Varsha – Rampal we will definately listen to the expert’s view, but before that let us entertain our listeners. Bundeli folksong (03:26 - 05:37) Varsha - Wow Rampal! That was such an entertaining song. Rampal – Now let us hear what our expert Sonal Kulshresth has to say on the issue of climatic change. Varsha – Sonal works on topics related to water and climate change in Development Alternatives – a civil society organisation working to help rural communities in Bundelkhand adapt to climate change. Sonal – We humans are responsible for all these climatic changes that we see around us. For example we leave lights & fans on while not being at home or we leave the cooking stove on while we are not using it or keep the tractor’s engine ‘on’ while waiting to load passengers – we are using energy when it is not required. All these actions contribute to increasing the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere which in turn leads to climate change. Rampal– So Varsha did you understand what Sonal was saying about climate change? Varsha- Yes Rampal, what Sonal was trying to tell us was that we are all responsible for climate change. But Rampal I have not understood how are we exactly responsible for climate change? Rampal– Well Varsha, climatic changes are happening on account of global warming. Scientists say that the main reason for increase in the earth’s temperature is combustion of coal for production of electricity. The other factors are increase in use of petrol & diesel and large scale deforestation. Varsha – Rampal how has cutting of trees resulted in increasing the earth’s temperature? Rampal - Trees absorb carbon dioxide. Varsha– What is carbon dioxide? Rampal – The air which we breathe in is called oxygen. Trees release oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide. Varsha– Well! Rampal I have understood that with cutting of trees, the level of carbon dioxide increases, which in turn increases the temperature of the earth.This was what you were trying to explain to me. Am I right? Rampal - Well! At least you understood now. Varsha, let me tell you one more thing. In the last 250 years since the dawn of the industrial age, our earth’s temperature has increased by 0.08 degree Celcius. At the way the world is moving, these temperatures are expected to go on increasing and in the near future we will have to face more difficult times. Varsha – What can we do to reduce the impact of climate change? 4 Rampal - We must not waste electricity. We must reduce the use of diesel and petrol in our everyday life. And plant as many trees as possible. Varsha -Yes Rampal. I have understood everything. In our next episode of this Shubh Kal series, we will discuss about the effects of climatic change on agriculture and the ways to help our farmers adapt. Signature Tune - Radio Bundelkhand (9:50 –09:54) Rampal – And now we shall hear SDO Agriculture - Mr Ramprakash Sinoria from Chanderi. Our reporter friend – Insaf from Radio Station ‘Chanderi Ki Awaaz’ is talking to him. Music Transition Insaf - Sir what do mean by climatic changes? Agriculture Expert (government official) - Changing climate is to some extent a natural phenomenon. But unsustainable human activity has resulted in disturbing the balance of our environment which in turn is leading to climate change. Previously there were predictable defined seasons. 4 months -summer, 4 months - winter, 4 months - rainy season. But now a days, there is little predictability and many climatic extremes can be seen. For example, it does not rain properly throughout the rainy season. The same quantum of rainfall happens in 15 – 20 days which earlier would be spread out over 2 or 3 months. Insaf- Why are these changes in our climatic conditions happening? Agriculture Expert (government official) – Till 50 years back, we could not really notice any significant changes in our climatic conditions. However, now we can all notice that our climate is changing. Rapid increase in industrialisation over the last few decades is one of the main causes of global warming and climate change. The other main cause is large scale deforestation. For farming and construction, we have been irresponsibly felling trees. According to our weather experts, readings over the last 100 years indicate that these changes have gradually led to an increase in the temperature of our planet by half a degree. Since 1990, we have witnessed many hot years where the temperatures were much more than average. Insaf - What measures should be taken to stop the changes in climatic condition? Agriculture Expert (government official) - We should stop destroying forests. In our Bundelkhand region, the forest cover should be atleast 30%. We should all make efforts to plant more trees. Also use of chemical fertilisers by farmers should be minimised. Biodegradable products or biofriendly products must be largely used. We will have to change our way of living.There must be a chapter on climate change in all school text books so that our children can learn about it. Radio anchors in conversation (Male anchor - Rampal and Female anchor – Varsha) Rampal -`We just heard Mr Ramprakash Sinoriya SDO Agriculture of Chanderi giving a lot of information to our fellow reporter. Our experts also mentioned that the effects of climatic change can be seen on our farming and livestock as well. Varsha – Yes climate change affects everything – humans, animals, trees, plants and birds. We have discussed a lot and have gained a lot of information. Now we have to look at the clock also. 5 Rampal - Yes Varsha its time for us to end the programme and take leave of our listeners. What is the topic of discussion for next time? Varsha – In the next programme we shall discuss the effects of climatic change on agriculture and on other things too. Rampal – If our listeners would want to share anything with us, please do call us. Varsha – Our number is 18001801551. So listeners please allow us to take your leave now. See you next week. The programme ends with the Shubhkal Signature Tune
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