Organic Farming and Chemical Farming
Title: Organic Farming and Chemical Farming View Translations like
Uploaded Date and Time: Aug. 7, 2013, 2:29 p.m.
Creator: Radio Dhadkan
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Uploaded By: Radio bundelkhand
Description: Radio Dhadkan –CDKN Shubh Kal Programme on Organic Farming–Final Radio Script Radio Dhadkan Signature Tune (01 - 36 secs) Shubhkal Signature Tune (37 – 48 secs) Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Santosh and Female Anchor - Baby) (49 secs –04:02) Santosh- Hello friends I am Santosh. I welcome all of you to Radio Dhadkan 107.8 FM. Along with my friend Baby, I will present the Shubh Kal programme. Baby - Hello friends. Today in this episode of Shubh Kal, we present to you stories and discussions on the differences between organic farming and chemical farming. For the last few years, many changes are being seen in our climatic conditions. Santosh-These changes are being seen in many ways. The rainfall pattern has become erratic over the years. In some places, there is very heavy rainfall and in others it isvery little.The temperatures have been increasing as well. Droughts are also becoming more common in some areas. Baby -The changing climatic conditions are adversely affecting our agriculture. At some level, we are all responsible for our changing climate. Santosh- For instance, over use of chemical fertilisers in farmlands and draining of factory wastes in rivers and other water bodies have caused land and water pollution. Baby-Similarly, too much smoke being generated from factories increases the presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This not only results in the air becoming polluted but also leads to global warming and climate change. Santosh -Climate change is one of the biggest threats facing all of us in the near future. Baby -You are right Santosh. Today in this Shubh Kal programme, we are discussing organic and chemical farming. Chemical farming too contributes to climate change. Santosh- Earlier, our farmers only practiced organic farming. They used only organic manure made from cow dung and leaves in their fields. Baby-Productivity from the land was good and soil fertility was maintained as well. Santosh-And now most of our farmers use only chemical fertilisers in their fields. Baby-Over use of chemical fertilisers is harmful for everyone. Santosh -You are right. These chemicals also get into the food chain (grains, pulses, vegetables and fruits). This has very harmful effects on our health. Baby -Do you know that during the rainy season, these chemical fertilisers used in the fields get drained in our water bodies like rivers, lakes, streams etc. When we consume this water for drinking, we are at risk of developing many diseases. 3 Santosh -That is why over use of chemical fertilisers is bad for everyone – the environment and human & animal health. But our farmers in greed of more yield end up over using these chemical fertilisers. Baby -These are our views. Now let us know from our farmers, what they think about organic farming and chemical farming. Shubh Kal Signature Tune First Farmer - I think we farmers should only practice organic farming as it has many advantages. Chemical farming has resulted in our land becoming infertile, loss in productivity and an adverse effect on our health. If this trend continues, our land will become totally barren and unproductive in another 10 – 15 years. Music Transition Second Farmer –My name is Kanhaiyalal Dhakad. Traditionally, animal dung has been the main source of organic manure. People are not practicing animal husbandry as much as they did in earlier times. So, there is very little animal dung available these days. This is one of the main reasons why farmers are not practicing organic farming nowadays. Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Santosh and Female Anchor - Baby) Santosh -Well friends even though our farmers know that chemical fertilisers deteriorate their land quality, they continue to practice chemical based farming. Baby - It’s true! Earlier organic farming was more prevalent because people had more cattle and hence there was enough animal dung available to make organic manure. Santosh - You are right. Farmers that we have spoken to have told us that decrease in the number of cattle reared over the last few years has resulted in less animal dung being available for making organic manure. Baby - In comparison, chemical fertilisers are very easily available and so their use is prevalent. Santosh - Use of chemical fertilisers is not only decreasing the fertility of our fields but also harming our environment. Baby - True! Deforestation coupled with an over use of chemicals is resulting in the changes that we are seeing in our climatic conditions. Santosh -Baby, if we do not give adequate attention to this issue, it will be difficult for us to imagine the coming future. Hence we should all take efforts to stop these climatic changes. Baby - Our farmers can also contribute by reducing the use of chemical fertilizers and practicing more organic farming methods. Santosh –Baby, now it is time for some entertainment through this song which is on saving our environment. Folk song on the importance of saving our environment (06:07 – 07:24) 4 Radio Anchor Santosh - To tell us about the harmful effects of chemical fertilisers on our land and our environment, our radio reporter spoke to agricultural scientist Dr. Ashok Singh Yadav. Music Transition Radio Reporter in conversation with Agricultural Scientist - Dr. Ashok Singh Yadav (07:45 – 10:41) Radio Reporter - Hello sir Scientist - Hello Radio Reporter - Sir please introduce yourself to our audience. Scientist -I am Dr. Ashok Singh Yadav. I work as an agricultural scientist at the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Farm Science Centre) in Shivpuri district. Radio Reporter-Sir what is the main difference between organic farming and chemical farming? Scientist -The main difference between organic farming and chemical farming is that in chemical based farming, there is use of fertilisers made using chemicals. In organic farming, natural and organic manure made from cow dung or leaves is used. Vermi-compost is also an example of organic manure. Organic manure helps to provide the essential nutrients required for increasing soil fertility. Radio Reporter- How does crop production get affected by practicing organic farming and chemical farming? Scientist-When farmers switch from chemical based farming to organic farming, in the first 2 to 3 years of the switch - fall in production is noticed. But thereafter, there is continuous increase in crop productivity as the soil fertility keeps improving with organic farming methods. Radio Reporter - Sir, I have one more question for you. How does chemical farming affect the fertility of our fields? Scientist - Excessive use of chemical fertilisers reduces the fertility of our lands. It adversely affects the earthworms in the soil which play a crucial role in soil rotation. And if chemicals like pesticides are used in excessive quantity it leads to resistant and mutant variety of pests whichcan cause many other diseases. Radio Reporter - Thank you very much for giving us so much information. Shubh Kal Signature Tune Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Santosh and Female Anchor - Baby) Baby -The agricultural scientist, Mr. Ashok Singh Yadav just told us that farmers should practice organic farming as it is beneficial both for the farmers and the environment. Santosh –Yes friends – the benefits of organic farming are many. 5 Baby - On the other hand, the harmful effects of chemical farming for farmers’ lands and the environment should discourage farmers from using these. Santosh –You are right Baby. Land and water pollution is degrading our environment terribly. Baby - But unfortunately our farmers are going on using chemical fertilisers for getting more production from their land without understanding its negative effects. Use of fertilisers in the soil should depend on the soil health and what nutrients it is lacking. If we use too many chemical fertilisers, the soil fertility goes down. Santosh –But our farmers do not realise this and blindly keep over using chemical fertilisers in their fields believing that it would increase their crop production. Baby –Soil testing is a very good way to determine what nutrients the soil is lacking and therefore what dosage of fertiliser is required to improve soil health. Santosh - What does soil testing mean? And how can our farmers get benefited from this? To answer these queries, our radio reporter met agriculture scientist Dr.Pushpendra. Music Transition Radio Reporter- Hello Sir. Can you tell us what is soil testing? Scientist-The soil contains many nutrients which are required by the crops to grow in a healthy manner. Soil testing is done to determine the exact health of the soil in terms of what are the different nutrients present in the soil and in what quantity. This helps to determine how fertile the soil is. Farmers should get soil testing done in their fields at least once every 3 – 4 years. Radio Reporter- What does the farmer need to do for soil testing? Scientist -For soil testing,the farmer should take a small sample of soil from his field at a time when the land is not cultivated and the field is lying empty.It is important to follow some rules for soil testing. After digging a small pit in the field, if there is any dirt present like remnants of crops or leaves, this should be cleared. Then remove a thin layer of soil from the walls of the dug pit.If the farm is big in size, then such soil samples should be taken from 4 -5 different places. Radio Reporter-Where do the farmers in our area get soil testing done from? Scientist-To get soil tested one has to send samples to the Agriculture University in Gwalior or to the agriculture centre at Muraina. Radio Reporter- Thank you Sir for giving us all this useful information. Shubh Kal Signature Tune (14:45-14:56) Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Santosh and Female Anchor - Baby) (14:57 –16:52) Santosh - So friends you must have gained a lot of knowledge listening to this episode. Also organisations like Navadanya have been working extensively in different parts of our country to promote organic farming. Navdanya has helped about 2,00,000 small farmers convert to organic farming. The price of organic produce in city markets is much higher as compared to 6 the mass produced chemical based food. So, it is in the farmer’s economic interest to shift to organic farming. For a farm to qualify as an organic farm, an organic certification is required. We will tell more about this in our subsequent episodes. Baby - We should all use more of organic fertilisers in our fields to protect our environment. Santosh – Our farmer friends and scientific experts interviewed in this episode have all talked about why organic farming should be encouraged. Baby - Like Mr. Pushpendra advised, all farmers should get their soil tested once every couple of years. It only costs Rs. 150. Santosh –For any agriculture related information, please dial 1800 180 1551 Baby -Today we end this episode of our Shubh Kal programme here. Please let us know how you liked this programme. To communicate with us, write to us at our address - Dhadkan PublicRadio Station,Gwalior bypass Shivpuri. People who are interested in calling us, please call us on this number 074924015201 Santosh - Wishing you all the best. Your friends Santosh and Baby will take your leave now. Good bye. The programme ends with the Shubh Kal Signature Tune
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