Livestock Rearing
Title: Livestock Rearing View Translations like
Uploaded Date and Time: Aug. 7, 2013, 1:24 p.m.
Creator: Chanderi Ki Awaaz
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Uploaded By: Radio bundelkhand
Description: Chanderi Ki Awaaz – CDKN Shubh Kal Programme on Animal Husbandry – Final Radio Script Chanderi Ki Awaaz Signature Tune (01 - 20 secs) Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Insaf and Female Anchor – Krishna) Krishna - Hello everybody. I am Krishna Insaaf - And I am Insaaf. You are listening to community radio Chanderi Ki Awaaz at 90.4 MHz. Krishna - You are listening to the Programme Shubh Kal. Shubh Kal Signature Tune (35 – 45 secs) Krishna – Friends, with animal husbandry we have a better tomorrow. Insaf – Well Krishna, how is animal husbandry related to Shubh Kal (a better tomorrow)? Krishna - We get animal dung from our domestic livestock. This animal dung is used to make organic manure. This organic manure when used in our fields improves soil fertility and prevents fields from becoming unproductive. As no chemicals are used in organic farming, there is no environmental pollution. Also the food produced organically has no traces of chemicals in them which leads to better health for for all of us. Insaf - You are absolutely right Krishna. But these days animal husbandry is not the same as it was in earlier times. Krishna - Yes Insaf, it is true that animal husbandry was better in earlier times in comparison from present days. With changes in our climatic conditions, livestock rearing has also reduced. Insaf - Earlier there was no shortage of grazing land for the livestock. Drinking water availability was also not such a grave problem as it is today. Our fellow reporter Kailash visited village Muradpur and talked to a few villagers there about their livestock rearing practices. Music Transition Radio Reporter Kailash in conversation with residents of Muradpur village Radio Reporter Kailash – What is the difference between livestock rearing as it was practiced in earlier times compared to present day practices? Bhujbal - Previously we used to leave cattle and they grazed on their own and returned back but now we fear we may loose them if we leave them alone. There is not enough forest land left for them to graze. Also there is lack of man power to take care of the cattle. Radio Reporter Kailash – What impact do environmental changes have on animal husbandry? Could you explain? Farmer Har Govind – There is a popular saying in the country side – ‘Whenever we go out for some auspicious work and if we see a cow feeding her calf it brings us good luck’. 3 Environmental degradation is one of the main causes for decrease in the number of livestock in this region. People throw polythene bags in the open. So many cattle die eating these plastic bags. Music Transition Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Insaf and Female Anchor – Krishna) Insaf – So Krishna what has come out of the conversation with different farmers is that with decreasing forest cover, grazing places for cattle have drastically reduced. Krishna - Yes and the other main reason for decrease in livestock rearing is the drinking water shortage in this area. Insaf – A few days back here in Chanderi a ‘Gau Palan Samaroh’ (Cow Rearing Award Ceremony) was held to encourage animal husbandry in this region. There we heard a lovely poem that I would like to share with all our listeners. Music Transition The lady poetess starts reciting her poem lamenting about how cow rearing has decreased so much over the years. A short summary is given below. Poem 4:38- 6:23 Beware my fellow country men – cow numbers have reduced drastically. It is time to wake up and do something. If this trend continues, only photographs of our mother cow will remain for our future generations to see. Succeeding generations will be helpless and blame our timidness. We are devotees of Lord Krishna who was a cow herder. How much our Lord loved and cared for cows! Let’s create awareness about proper rearing of cows. Rearing cows is in the interest of farming and farmers. Chemical fertilisers have destroyed our fertile fields. Oh my countrymen wake up…. Music Transition Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Insaf and Female Anchor – Krishna) Krishna - Insaf the poem was really very touching.There was a line in this poem which says that if cattle numbers keep reducing like this, a day will come when our future generations will be able to see these animals only in photographs. And if we do not want that to happen then it is very important to encourage animal husbandry. Insaf - You are absolutely right Krishna.To talk about how to properly take care of our cattle, our fellow reporter Kailash spoke to a Veterinary Doctor - Dr Dinesh Kumar Dohre. Music Transition 4 Radio Reporter Kailash in conversation with Veterinary Doctor - Dr Dinesh Kumar Dohre Radio Reporter Kailash -Sir at first please let us know how present day animal husbandry has changed in comparision to the past. Veterinary Doctor - These days people are showing a lot of interest in animal husbandry. It has become a good source of alternative income. By selling milk obtained from the cattle, they have improved their livelihood and that is why people are now adopting animal husbandry as a profession. Radio Reporter Kailash - But Sir when we went to the community they told us that as compared to earlier times, animal husbandry has decreased. Veterinary Doctor – You are right. As cattle grazing land has drastically shrunk these days, people are not keeping as many numbers of cattle as they did before. If previously they kept 10 animals, now they are only keeping 2 or 3. The change that I have seen in the recent times is that people are rearing better breeds which give higher milk yield. Radio Reporter Kailash – Could you give some tips on how to take good care of the livestock? Veterinary Doctor – The surroundings where the livestock are kept must be very hygienic. The cattle should be given clean drinking water. Fodder should be first washed with water and then served to the animals. It is important to add a little salt in their food. The food given to them must be rich in grains so that the animals remain healthy. Shubh Kal Signature Tune (8:23– 8:33) Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Insaf and Female Anchor – Krishna) Insaf - Krishna that was very useful information. Krishna – Do you know that our government organises award ceremonies for those who do extremely good animal husbandary? Insaf – That is very interesting! Krishna does the government also have any other schemes to encourage people for doing more animal husbandary? Krishna - Yes there are many such schemes. Our fellow reporter Shama talked to Dr. D.P. Yadav who mentioned many such government schemes. Radio Reporter Shama in conversation with Dr. Yadav Radio Reporter Shama – What are the government’s schemes to encourage animal husbandry? Dr. Yadav – For promoting animal husbandry, the Madhya Pradesh government is running many programs.With the help of these programs, our rural youth can do animal husbandry and earn a decent income by staying in the villages. The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has a scheme for promoting dairy farming in which the bank provides financial aid to establish a dairy plant containing 10 high milk yielding cows. 25% aid is given to general category people and 33% is for Schedule Castes and Schedule 5 Tribes. So if someone is interested in dairy farming, then they should write an application to NABARD. Similarly, NABARD has schemes to encourage goat keeping and poultry as well. Radio Reporter Shama – Are these schemes for all groups of people? Dr. Yadav – These schemes are meant for everyone whether they are male or female. The only condition is that the person wanting to avail these schemes should have sufficient land for animal husbandary and drinking water supply. Radio Reporter Shama - So how can people in our villages avail the benefit of these scemes? Dr. Yadav – To avail benefit of these schemes, people should contact the Veterinary Officer of their district or block. Shubh Kal Signature Tune Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Insaf and Female Anchor – Krishna) Krishna – Insaaf do you know that Lord Sri Krishna used to practicing animal husbandry. Insaaf – Yes! Lord Krishna loved his cattle very much and took good care of them. Krishna – Let me tell you an interesting story. Once mother Yashoda brought a kharaun (wooden slippers) for Krishnaji because he used to go to the forest daily to graze his cows. We know how thorny the vegetation in the forest is. Therefore his mother used to be worried about him and hence got a kharaun for him. But when she asked Krishnaji to wear them he refused. Insaf - Why? Krishna - Insaaf he loved his cattle so much that when his mother insisted on him to wear the kharaun he replied, “Mother, make all my cattle also wear kharaun and then I shall also wear them.” Insaf – That is such an endearing story depicting Lord Krishna’s love for animals. Krishna - Yes but this story is of that age and today it’s all different. Nowdays such cattle rearers are rare to find. Insaf- Even today, although not as good as Lord Krishna, but there are some cattle keepers who have love rearing cattle. And they have also received awards for cattle rearing. Krishna – Our fellow reporter Kailash met one such cattle rearer. Shubh Kal Signature Tune Radio Reporter Kailash in conversation with award winning cattle rearer - Brij Kishore Sahoo Brij Kishore - My name is Brij Kishore Sahoo. We keep both local breeds and special breeds called Marvari / Haryani breed. We keep both cows and buffaloes. Radio Reporter Kailash - How have environmental changes affected animal husbandry? 6 Brij Kishore – With so many forests being cut, there is hardly any cattle grazing land left. This has resulted in fall in number of people wanting to do livestock rearing. We all know how useful these animals are for us. With their reduced numbers, food products obtained from them such as milk, curd, butter availability is also affected. The government has taken several initiatives to encourage people to do animal husbandry. People have to realise how important livestock rearing is for the countryside. The cow dung and urine can be used as organic manure in the farmers’ fields. This organic manure helps to increase soil fertility and productivity. Radio Reporter Kailash – Have you received any benefits from government programmes for animal husbandry? Brij Kishore – This time under the Chief Minister’s scheme, a ‘Gopal Puraskar Scheme’ was launched. I had taken my cow to participate at the block level and my cow stood at third position. Radio Reporter Kailash – How do you feel after receiving an award for animal husbandry? Brij Kishore - Receiving an award in front of so many distinguished government officials made me feel very proud. I now want to go to villages in other districts to create awareness and encourage our fellow farmers to adopt animal husbandry. I want to motivate them using my example telling them how animal husbandry can be a great source of alternative livelihood. Also keeping livestock is very beneficial for farmers as they are a good source of rich organic manure. Music Transition Folksong on benefits of animal husbandry 16:30- 17:13 Music Transition Radio Anchors in Conversation (Male Anchor - Insaf and Female Anchor – Krishna) Krishna – Insaf, now it’s time to take leave from our listeners. Insaf - But before taking leave, we would like to inform you that in our next episode of Shubh Kal we will again meet with a new topic. Krishna – Goodbye. Programme ends with Shubh Kal signature tune followed by ‘Chanderi Ki Awaaz’ radio station’s signature tune.
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