Biogas
Title: Biogas View Translations like
Uploaded Date and Time: Aug. 7, 2013, 11:45 a.m.
Creator: Radio Dhadkan
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Uploaded By: Radio bundelkhand
Description: Radio Dhadkan - CDKN Shubh Kal Programme on ‘Biogas' – Final Radio Script Radio Dhadkan Signature Tune (01 - 36 secs) Shubhkal Signature Tune (37 – 49 secs) Radio anchors in conversation (Male anchor - Santosh and Female anchor – Sunita) (50 sec – 02:09) Santosh – Hello everyone! I am Santosh. Sunita – I am Sunita and welcome to Radio Dhadkan. Santosh – We bring to you your favorite Shubh Kal Programme! Sunita – Yes, Santosh. The Shubh Kal programme is gaining a lot of popularity now. Santosh – This is because of the blend of information and entertainment in our programmes. Sunita – Information given for climate resilient agriculture through our program is being appreciated by our community. Santosh – In the previous episode, we discussed how our land is slowly getting barren. Sunita – Our own community members told us how excessive use of chemicals and pesticides in our farming is degrading the soil quality. Santosh – Not just that, they also told us how this damage can be prevented by practicing organic farming which improves soil fertility. Sunita – Organic farming was practiced by our previous generations. Livestock rearing is important to be able to do organic farming. Santosh – Organic manure is prepared from livestock dung. Sunita – One of the best sources of getting organic manure is from a bio gas plant. Santosh – I am sure many farmers are familiar with the concept of a bio gas plant and some are already using it. Sunita – For more information, let us hear what the community members have to say. Music Transition (02:10 – 02:12) First Farmer - My name is Devi Gautam and I am a resident of Kota village. Bio gas is very beneficial for us. By using it we save electricity. It reduces pollution as well and is thus ecofriendly. The residue of a biogas plant serves as a very nutritious bio manure for farming. Ploughing our field with this bio manure improves the soil fertility and produces healthy crops. Music Transition (02:53 – 02:54) Radio anchors in conversation (Male anchor - Santosh and Female anchor – Sunita) (02:55 - 03:55 ) Santosh – Our community members do know about bio gas plants and its benefits. Sunita – With the use of bio gas plants, no wood is required for cooking. Thus biogas plants help in preventing deforestation. Use of biogas also saves us from health hazards caused by burning of wood. Santosh – Bio gas produced from the biogas plant provides us fuel for cooking while the residue from the plant serves as nutritious manure for our crops! Sunita – This manure helps in increasing the fertility of our soil. Santosh – Increasing soil fertility leads to an increase in crop production. Sunita – Apart from this, a bio gas plant helps in controlling climate change to a certain extent. By preventing deforestation, it conserves forests. Since there is no smoke from burning wood, bio gas keeps our environment pollution free as well. When farmers use manure produced from biogas plants, it reduces the use of chemical fertilizers by the farmers. Santosh – We will know more about bio gas through our experts, but before that it’s time to entertain our listeners. Sunita – Yes Santosh! So let’s hear a folk song. Folk song on how biogas is made and its advantages (03:56 – 05:29) Radio anchors in conversation (Male anchor - Santosh and Female anchor – Sunita) (05:30 – 06:00) Santosh – That was a very nice folk song sung by the village ladies! Sunita – They composed this song too! Santosh – Now let us proceed with our today’s show. Sunita – Today in our Shubh Kal episode we are discussing bio gas. Santosh – Our central and state governments have numerous schemes for bio gas plant construction. Sunita – To tell us about these schemes in detail, we have a village panchayat member with us. Santosh – Let’s meet him. Music Transition (06:01 – 06:03) Radio Reporter in conversation with a Village Panchayat Member Radio Reporter – How is a bio gas plant facility set up? Village Panchayat Member – Bio gas plant can be constructed by any farmer whether rich or poor. The Krishi vistaar officers (government agriculture extension officers) keep visiting the villages and tell the farmers about government schemes available for biogas plant construction. For those farmers who are interested in availing these schemes, these government officers help in filling the required application forms. After submission of application, the construction process begins. Radio Reporter – What ingredients are required to initiate the process of constructing a bio gas plant? Village Panchayat Member – A farmer would require sand, bricks and cement. The farmer is required to dig a hole similar to a well - 8 feet wide, 8 feet long and 4 feet deep. A total of approximately 1200 – 1500 bricks and 14-15 sacks of cement are required. It takes about 4- 5 days to construct a biogas plant. Once the plant is ready, farmers must sprinkle water on it regularly to keep it moist. Then air pipes and gate valves in the plant are fitted and connected to the stove kept in the kitchen. Once the plant is air tight with pipe and regulator fitted, it should be filled with the mixture of animal dung and water. The gas produced from this dung is used to cook food and sometimes even to light electricity. Radio Reporter – Thank you sir for coming to our studio. Music Transition (08:44 – 08:46) Radio Reporter in conversation with Mr. Namdev – a government agriculture extension officer Radio Reporter- Does the government provide any assistance in constructing a bio gas plant? Mr. Namdev - If a farmer has land for constructing a bio gas plant, he is given a total sum of Rs. 10,500/- as subsidy of which Rs. 8,000/- is from the Central government and Rs. 2,500/- from the State government. Music Transition (09:16 – 09:18) Radio anchors in conversation (Male anchor - Santosh and Female anchor – Sunita) (09:19 – 09:41) Santosh- We just heard the procedure of setting up a bio gas plant. Sunita- Any farmer can get a bio gas plant constructed in his area. Santosh- For this, the government provides subsidy! Sunita- Now let us talk to a few farmers who have got biogas plants constructed using government schemes. Santosh- Sure! Music Transition (09:42 – 09:44) Radio Reporter in conversation with Farmer Suresh Rawat from Sateria village in Shivpuri district Radio Reporter- What are you doing presently? Farmer Suresh - I’ve been involved in farming. Radio Reporter- Please explain the procedure of making bio gas. Farmer Suresh - I was advised to use bio gas by the gram sevak visiting our village. Radio Reporter - How did you select the area to construct a bio gas plant? Farmer Suresh - I constructed the plant close to my house as well as my livestock. The land was hard without any cracks. As the gram sevak told me, the government provided 50% subsidy to me. Radio Reporter - What benefits did you receive from the government? Farmer Suresh - I paid only 50% amount. The other half was borne by the government. Radio Reporter - What message would you like to give to your fellow farmers? Farmer Suresh - Bio gas is extremely beneficial and I would recommend it to each farmer. It saves fuel and uses domestic cow dung. The organic manure produced as a byproduct from the biogas plant is good for the crops as well. Radio Reporter- Thank you so much for sharing your experience with us. Music Transition (11:30 – 11:33) Radio Reporter in conversation with an old farmer from village Pranpur Radio Reporter - Why did you start using bio gas and how has it been beneficial for you? Farmer Kaluram - Bio gas is eco-friendly. Since there is no smoke generated while producing it, our house walls do not get dirty from the smoke. Once the plant starts, gas can be produced continuously and as a result I do not face any shortage of gas supply. I no longer have to cut trees for wood. I use the residue from the plant as manure in my fields. My crop production has improved a lot from the use of this organic fertilizer. Radio Reporter - What inspired you to use bio gas? Farmer Kaluram - Government officials came and told us about bio gas. We followed their instructions and our plant has been functioning for a good 10 years. Radio Reporter - Did you face any difficulty during the construction of this biogas plant? Farmer Kaluram - No we did not face any trouble. The government officials made the design and the workers followed the instructions to construct the plant. Radio Reporter - How is bio gas helpful to you? Farmer Kaluram- I have a small bio gas plant, but a bigger plant can help in generating electricity for the house as well as provide gas for cooking. One fan can be run using a big size bio gas plant. Music Transition (12:55 – 12:58) Radio anchors in conversation (Male anchor - Santosh and Female anchor – Sunita) (12:59 – 13:25) Sunita - For more information on bio gas, you can call on this toll free number. Santosh - 1800 180 1551 Sunita – It’s time for us to end this show now. We will meet you again in the next Shubh Kal episode! Santosh- Do not forget to listen to our next episode on a type of organic fertilizer called Amrit mitti! We shall now take your leave. Sunita and Santosh- Good bye! Shubhkal Signature Tune (13:26 – 13:38) Radio Dhadkan Signature Tune (13:39 – 14:
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